Hysterectomy-Basic Information, Preoperative Preparation, Surgical Method, and Complications | Surgsci

June 15, 2023

A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a woman’s uterus. After the procedure, the patient will no longer be able to conceive and, if they have not yet reached menopause, they will no longer menstruate. Hysterectomies are performed to treat conditions that affect the female reproductive system, such as heavy menstrual bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, non-cancerous growths (fibroids), and various forms of cancer. A hysterectomy is a major surgery with a lengthy recovery period and is only considered after less invasive treatments have been attempted.


Once the surgery date has been scheduled, preparations for a hysterectomy begin. The patient’s healthcare provider may suggest pre-operative lifestyle changes, such as exercising and quitting smoking, to get their body in the best possible shape for surgery. As the surgery date approaches, the patient will receive specific instructions for the day of their hysterectomy, including which medications to take or avoid, what to wear and bring with them, and when to stop eating.


There are several types of hysterectomy. The type received depends on the reason for the surgery and how much of the patient’s uterus and surrounding reproductive system can safely remain in place. The main types of hysterectomy are: total hysterectomy – removal of the uterus and cervix (neck of the uterus); this is the most common type of operation; subtotal hysterectomy – removal of the main body of the uterus while leaving the cervix in place; total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy – removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes (salpingectomy), and ovaries (oophorectomy); radical hysterectomy – removal of the uterus and surrounding tissues, including the fallopian tubes, part of the vagina, ovaries, lymph glands, and fatty tissue. There are three methods for performing a hysterectomy: laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery) – small incisions are made in the abdomen and the uterus is removed through an incision in the vagina; vaginal hysterectomy – removal of the uterus through an incision at the top of the vagina; abdominal hysterectomy – removal of the uterus through an incision in the lower abdomen.


Like all surgeries, a hysterectomy can sometimes result in complications. Some possible complications include: complications from general anesthesia; bleeding; damage to the ureter; damage to the bladder or bowel; infection; blood clots; vaginal issues; ovarian failure; early menopause. A hysterectomy is a major surgery. The patient may need to stay in the hospital for up to five days after surgery and it can take six to eight weeks to fully recover. Recovery times may also vary depending on the type of hysterectomy performed. During this time, it is important for the patient to rest as much as possible and avoid lifting heavy objects. Their abdominal muscles and tissues need time to heal.

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About Surgsci

Surgsci Medical Ltd. aims to improve people's health and quality of life. We adhere to the mission of independent research and development, popularize minimally invasive medical technology, and share high-quality humanistic care. Through clinical practice, we innovate in technology to benefit patients, medical staff, and medical institutions. We provide holistic innovative solutions for hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal surgery, ENT surgery, colorectal surgery, bariatric surgery, oncology, urology, thoracic surgery, women's and children's surgery, neurosurgery, etc. We are in Shenzhen, Guangdong. Founded in 2017, Surgsci is a national high-tech enterprise, focusing on the innovation for smart consumables for minimally invasive surgery. We are specialized in the production of laparoscopic surgical instruments, including disposable laparoscopic trocars and ultrasonic scalpels etc. We own two factories in Pingshan and Bao’an District, a total of about 1500 square meters of R&D office and 4000 square meters of GMP clean workshop with ISO13485. We integrate design, R&D, manufacturing, and sales. At present, we have more than 40 authorized patents at home and abroad. The products have obtained CE & FDA and are sold to nearly 30 countries in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and South America. We Provide high quality OEM and ODM services which are recognized and favored by our customers. Looking forward to your inquiry and cooperation.

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